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What is the journal entry to record a foreign exchange transaction loss?

A foreign exchange transaction loss occurs when the transaction currency is different than the reporting currency for the company. On the initial transaction date, they would record the $100 sale with a debit to accounts receivable and a credit to revenue.

However, 30 days later when the customer goes to pay using the current exchange rate, the decline means that the company will only collect $95 instead of $100, which represents a loss. To record the foreign exchange transaction loss, the company would debit cash for $95, debit foreign exchange loss for $5 (expense), and then credit accounts receivable for $100.

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  • What is the journal entry to record a foreign exchange transaction gain?

    A foreign exchange transaction gain occurs when the transaction currency is different than the reporting currency for the company. On the initial transaction date, they would record the $100 sale with a debit to accounts receivable and a credit to revenue. However, 30 days later when the customer goes to pay using the current exchange rate, the increase means that the company will collect $105 instead of $100, which represents a foreign exchange gain. To record the foreign exchange transaction gain, the company would debit cash for $105, credit foreign exchange gain for $5, and then credit accounts receivable for $100.

  • What is the difference between a foreign currency transaction and foreign currency remeasurement/translation?

    The key difference is that a foreign currency transaction is when the company transacts with an unaffiliated 3rd party. Foreign currency remeasurement/translation occurs internally between the parent and subsidiaries.