What is a refundable tax credit?
A refundable tax credit is one of the two types of personal tax credits that individual taxpayers can qualify for. A refundable tax credit means that a taxpayer can get a refund, even if it is more than the taxpayers tax liability. As you can see in the example below, the taxpayers tax liability is $100, but a refundable tax credit of $150 would result in a tax refund of $50.
A nonrefundable tax credit is different because the taxpayer only receives credit up to the amount of tax that they owe. In the example above, even though the taxpayer has tax credits of $150, they can only take $100 worth of credits because their tax liability is $100. Therefore, they would not have a refund or any taxes due.
Below is a list of common refundable and nonrefundable personal tax credits:
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