Ask Joey ™ a Question

What does the phrase “above the line mean”?

In the phrase “above the line”, the line is generally referring to gross profit. Therefore, any costs or expenses that are above the line refer to costs incurred to make the product or provide a service.

Any costs “below the line” would be operating expenses, or those costs that are not directly incurred to produce the product or provide the service.

So in the example below, cost of goods sold of $400 would be above the line, while operating expenses and non-operating items would be “below the line.

It’s important to note that this phrase can vary depending on business type or by company. Its a very subjective phrase that does not have a specific formula or definition. Therefore, the phrase “above the line” could even refer to all items included in operating income.


You might also be interested in...

  • Are you looking for a CPA review course?

    Universal CPA Review is the only CPA review course that has explanation videos for every single multiple choice question. These videos focus on helping identify the big picture and developing a systematic approach to tackling the concept. Our content creators are masters of their craft. They know what it takes to pass the exam and […]

  • How is audit risk impacted with changes in the assessment of inherent risk, control risk, and detection risk?

    Audit risk is the combination of inherent risk, control risk, and detection risk. Remember, the audit team will “assess” inherent risk and control risk. Based on the assessment, then audit team will set detection risk, which ultimately impacts the amount of substantive procedures that must be performed. So in the visual below, you can see […]

  • Scores Came Out: I Just Got a 73% on Audit, Now What?

    Yesterday morning a student interested in trying Universal CPA Review reached out and expressed concern with the fact that they just took audit for the fourth time and scored a 73%.  Audit is a lot of candidate’s “kryptonite” and the reason is because it is sort of like skiing. Easy to learn, extremely hard to […]