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How to Write a Research Essay in Accounting

Writing a research paper will take the student from the start of the process through structuring and mapping your ideas, properly organising your research, exploring writing strategies, and networking- practice that will guarantee the creation of a successful research paper in accounting. No other discipline handling money is as panoramic as accounting for a reason; yet at the heart of the accounting discipline is the body of knowledge acquired from the very papers present at the inception of accounting discourse.

Whether or not you are a student pursuing an accounting degree or a professional in accounting, learning to write an investigative research essay is the surest way of growing your understanding and practical expertise as well as tapping into the wealth of knowledge present in the accounting discipline itself. In this article, I will provide you with the necessary, mostly practical tips to write a research paper that is investigative, insightful, and impactful. If you’re having trouble with creating research papers or need any academic or MBA assignment help, Ukwritings, an essay writing service, is available 24/7 to help you write essays, resumes, cover letters among many other academic documents.

1. Understand the Assignment Requirements

First, take the time to read over the assignment specifications and rubric given by your professor or targeted publication before you start writing. Note the following:

  • The specific topic or research question you need to address
  • The required structure and formatting (e.g., APA, MLA, Harvard)
  • The expected length and word count
  • The deadline for submission
  • Any specific requirements or guidelines for citations, references, or appendices

 Engaging with the requirements at the outset will ensure that you write a research essay that fits the bill (and help it get a better mark on the way).

2. Choose a Focused and Relevant Topic

Having an appropriate, interesting and focused topic is fundamental when doing research or writing an accountancy essay; therefore, the first key to writing an interesting and exciting essay is to have an adequate, interesting and narrow topic delimited. The starting point of this brainstorming must be broad and multidimensional. The initial response to daunting topic selection, must be broad areas of interest in the accountancy field, like financial reporting, auditing, taxation, or managerial accountancy, to better condition your motivation of researching when preparing your essay writing with the best essay writing service.

Example: Suppose you have an instructor who says you should write a research paper about the extent to which the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, has influenced how corporate entities within their jurisdiction prepare financial reports. Notice how open-ended this topic is; it lacks focus. In order to meet the assignment prompt and write a decent paper on the topic, you’ll likely need to limit yourself to a particular aspect of the broader topic – a topic angle or theme.

An example of a focused research question might be: ‘How has the adoption of IFRS affected the comparability of the financial statements of multinational corporations in the European Union?

By narrowing your focus, you’ll be able to:

  • Conduct more targeted research
  • Develop a clear and concise thesis statement
  • Provide in-depth analysis and insights

3. Conduct Thorough Research

Collecting reliable sources is the backbone of a well-written essay. Academic databases, peer-reviewed journals, instructional books (such as textbooks), and other credible websites are accessible resources that might help you learn about your research question.

Consult accounting-specific databases like ABI/INFORM, JSTOR, and EconLit

Publication in any of these journals (The Accounting Review, Journal of Accounting Research or Accounting Horizons) shows that they each received peer review.

Read books and publications provided by professional bodies such as the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) or the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC)

Ensure that your sources are up-to-date and provide reliable information. Additionally, consider the following:

  • Look for sources that offer diverse perspectives and viewpoints
  • Evaluate the credibility of the authors and publishers
  • Note any conflicting or contradictory information for further analysis

4. Organize Your Information

As you are collecting research material, try to organise what you have learned. Try creating an outlining sheet or a mind map to draft your essay with a logical progression of parts rather than scattered essay fragments.

You could try tables, figures or charts to summarise your data or compare different features of your subject matter.

AspectBefore IFRSAfter IFRS
ComparabilityLowHigh
TransparencyLimitedImproved
Compliance CostsVariedStandardized

Additionally, you can use bullet points to highlight key points or summarize important information:

  • Point 1
  • Point 2
  • Point 3

 Good organisation will both facilitate the writing process and add readability and polish to the final product.

5. Write an Engaging Introduction

 It is in crafting your introduction that you orient the reader toward your research essay, create forward momentum, and psychologically prepare the reader for what’s to come. Write an engaging introduction that supplies the reader with factual information about your topic, identifies your research question or thesis statement, and invites the reader to learn more.

  • Highlight the significance of the topic and its relevance to the accounting field
  • Provide background information and context in a way that enhances reader comprehension and leads to a more thorough grasp of your research.
  • State your research question or thesis statement clearly and concisely

And try writing a relevant quote or statistic that compels the reader to take your topic seriously.

The introduction of IFRS has ensured transparency and comparable information across international markets. – John Smith, professor of accounting

 A solid opening will seize the reader’s attention and lay the foundation for your analysis and discussion.

6. Develop Your Main Body

This is the body of your research project – your opportunity to make your arguments, to perform your analysis, to present your findings. It might be broken up into sections and/or subheadings, each following clearly from one to the next.

Practical Application: While discussing the impact of IFRS on the comparability of financial statements, you could convey your idea in the following manner, by organising your main body this way:

Pre-IFRS Scenario: Discuss the substantive and inherent difficulties and limitations of comparing financial statements at the eve of IFRS, such as the diverse accounting practices and standards prevalent per country with examples and relevant references for each statement.

IFRS Implementation: IFRS is the International Accounting Standard for reporting purposes. Uk Companies which are Big are Required to switch from UK GAAP to IFRS. Write about the process of how this Implementation starts from the Beginning, when and by whom, which activities are involved in the transition from UK GAAP to IFRS and the challenges behind the transition. Explain the Login and Analysis to why is it mandatory for the Big UK companies to follow IFRS.

Better comparability: Describe how IFRS has improved the comparability of financial statements; give specific examples and/or refer to opinion studies or experts on the impact of the new rules. Evaluate the positive effects of better comparability on different categories of users: investors, regulators, multinational corporations.

Overcoming challenges: Present the remaining obstacles or limitations to full comparability, such as varying interpretations as they relate to contextually specific meanings, or differences in cultural settings and factors. Then, consider potential solutions or future opportunities to further improve comparability.

For each section, write your main point clearly, with shorter sentences, and add evidence from your research to support your claim. Use bullets to emphasise a point or summarise a section:

  • Highlight key benefits of improved comparability
  • Better decision-making for investors
  • Increased transparency and accountability
  • Facilitated cross-border transactions

7. Conclude with a Strong Summary

 Restate the research question or thesis statement from your introductory paragraph in your concluding one, then summarise the main points you discussed in your essay. Be sure to highlight the generalisability of your findings, and if you come to a personal conclusion, highlight the implications you see your findings having on the accounting profession or other fields of interest.

Moreover, make specific suggestions for future research or practice progress in your area of accounting. For instance, any area that you believe needs further investigation; any policies that you think need changing; any practical use or application of your findings.

However, if you follow these steps, i.e., outline your argument, develop supportive arguments, provide insightful interpretation, critically evaluate research, and effectively present your findings, you will end up with a well-structured, interesting and informative research essay. Be sure to revise your essay, cite your sources correctly, use proper in-text referencing (endnotes or in-line citations) and most importantly carefully follow the required format. Along with creativity and novelty, being systematic and methodical pursuer of knowledge pays off. We wish you success in your study and research pursuits.


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