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What are the two ways to classify treasury stock?

After a company buys back common stock that was previously issued and outstanding, it is classified as treasury stock. Treasury stock can either be permanently retired or can be held-for-sale.

Once the shares are retired, they cannot be subsequent reissued, and they are removed from the company’s balance sheet. Most companies choose to classify treasury stock as held-for-resale because it can be reissued to the general public to raise funds, it can be issued as a stock dividend to investors, or it can be used to compensate employees.


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  • What is the journal entry to record treasury stock under the cost method?

    Since the company is repurchasing common stock from the public, that represents treasury stock. A company can either use the cost method or the par value method to record treasury stock: Under the cost method, if the company repurchased 5,000 shares at $16 per share, the company would debit treasury stock for $80,000 and credit […]

  • What is treasury stock?

    Treasury stock represents stock that was outstanding stock and was reacquired by the company. Treasury stock reduces the number of shares outstanding.

  • Can a company record gains and losses from buying and reselling their own stock?

    The answer to that question is 100% a no. When a company reacquires outstanding stock, this is known as treasury stock. A company cannot recognize any gain or loss in the income statement from buying or reselling their own stock.